A comprehensive (and growing) list of sources I have consulted. For ease of reference, works have been cited in APA style:

Abkowitz, Mark. (2020, May 13). Can Your Community Handle a Natural Disaster and Coronavirus at the same time? Vanderbilt Center for Transportation and Operational Resiliency. Vanderbilt University.

Ansell, Chris and Ann Keller. 2014. Adapting the Incident Command Model for Knowledge-Based Crises: The Case of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. IBM Center for the Business of Government.

Applebaum, Anne. (2020, Mar 2). Epidemics Reveal the Truth About the Societies They Hit. The Atlantic.

BC Flood and Wildfire Review Committee. (2018, Apr 30). Addressing the New Normal: 21st Century Disaster Management in British Columbia.

Bogdan, Eva A. (2018, Feb 28). Room for Rivers and Voices: A comparison of the Room for the River approaches in Alberta and the Netherlands. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

Burroughs, James E. (2017 May). Three Factors Leading to Failed Communications in Emergency Situations. Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Public Policy.

C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. (2019, Aug). How to Adapt Your City to Extreme Heat.

Cialdini, Robert B. (2006, Dec 26). Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion. (Revised edition). Harper Business. 

City of New York. (n.d.) NYC CoolRoofs.

Cohn, P.J., Carroll, M.S., and Kumagai, Y.  (2006, Jan). Evacuation Behavior during Wildfires: Results of Three Case Studies. Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 21(1), pp 39-48.

Feltmate, Blair. (2016 Oct). Climate Change and the Preparedness of Canadian Provinces and Yukon to Limit Potential Flood Damage. Intact Centre on Climate Adaptation. University of Waterloo. 

Flood Recovery and Reconstruction Act, SA 2013, c 21.

Floodway Development Regulation Task Force. (2014, Aug 20). Discussion Paper.

Fothergill, Alice. (1996). “Gender, Risk and Disaster.” International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters. 14(1): 33-56.

Fuller, Thomas. (2020, Aug 22). Coronavirus Limit’s California’s Efforts to Fight Fires with Prison Labor. The New York Times. A(1).

Graney, Emma. (2017, Jun 9). Fort McMurray wildfire reaction marred by communication gaps, says report. Edmonton Journal.

Here are California’s biggest fires burning right now, and where air quality is worst. (2020, Aug 26). The Sacramento Bee.

Hunton & Williams LLP. (2017, Nov 24). Final Report: Independent Review of the 2017 Protest Events in Charlottesville, Virginia.

ICS Canada. (2016, Aug). I-100 Introduction to Incident Command System: Student Reference Notes.

Insurance Bureau of Canada. (2016, July 7). Northern Alberta Wildfire Costliest Insured Natural Disaster in Canadian History – Estimate of insured losses: $3.58 billion. IBC Blog.

Keeling, Matt J., Hollingsworth, T. Dierdre and Read, Jonathan M. (2020, Jun 22). Efficacy of contact tracing for the containment of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Vol. 74(8).

Lutz, Peter. (2000). Risk and media: notes on the 1999 Seattle WTO protests.

Mbajiorgu, Lynne Njeri. (2019). Building Resilient Communities: Planning for Natural Hazards Risks in Small and MidSized Municipalities in Alberta, Canada. Doctoral Thesis. University of Alberta.

McCaffrey, S.M., Knox-Velez, A-L. and Briefel, J.A. (March 2013). Differences in Information Needs for Wildfire Evacuees and Non-Evacuees. In International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters. 31(1), pp 4-24.

McKibben, Bill. [@billmckibben]. (2020, Sept 5). The heat in California is intense–records aren’t just being broken, they’re being crushed. [Tweet].

Moynihan, Donald P. (2007). From Forest Fires to Hurricane Katrina: Case Studies of Incident Management Systems. IBM Center for the Business of Government.

Natural Resources Canada. (n.d.) Climate change and fire.

Ocko, Ilissa. (2020, Jul 17). The Coronavirus Crisis was Already Bad. Extreme Heat Waves are Making it Worse. EDF Voices Blog.

Officials Warn of ‘Catastrophic Storm Surge’ With Hurricane Laura. (2020, Aug 26). The New York Times.

Perkins, S.E. and Alexander, L.V. (2012, Oct 18). On the Measurement of Heat Waves. Journal of Climate.

Pisano, Gary P., Sadun, Raffaella and Zanini, Michelle. (2020, Mar 27). Lessons from Italy’s Response to Coronavirus. Harvard Business Review. Jul/Aug 2020.

Political appointments in the United States. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved August 24, 2020 from

Porter, Catherine. (2020, June 5). The Top Doctor Who Aced the Coronavirus Test. The New York Times.

Province of British Columbia. (n.d.). Daily Update on COVID-19.

Province of British Columbia. (February 2020). British Columbia Pandemic Provincial Coordination Plan.

Response Bias. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved Aug 24, 2020, from 

Riecker, Timothy. (2015, Jun 2). Incident Command System Training Sucks. Exploring Emergency Management and Homeland Security.

Rohde, Michael S. (2002). Command Decisions During Catastrophic Urban-Interface Wildfire: A Case Study of the 1993 Orange County, California, Laguna Fire. Master’s Thesis. California State University. 

The Seattle Police Department. (2000, Apr 4). The Seattle Police Department After Action Report: World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference. Seattle, WA.

Scholl, Blair Anthony. (May 2014). The Necessity of a Social Media Unit in the Incident Command System Structure. Master’s Thesis. American Public University.

Stern, Jacob. (2020, Aug 21). Two Disasters Are Exponentially Worse Than One. The Atlantic.

Taylor-Butts, Andrea. (2015, Oct 28). Emergency preparedness in Canada, 2014. Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. Juristat 35(1). Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

Trilling, Daniel. (2020, Feb 28). Migrants aren’t spreading coronavirus – but nationalists are blaming them anyway. The Guardian. [Editorial].

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. (n.d.) The Paris Agreement.

United Nations General Assembly. (2015). Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 – 2030.

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. (n.d.). Understanding Risk.

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. (2019). Words Into Action: Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Strategies.

Waugh, W. 2009. Mechanisms for Collaboration in Emergency Management: ICS, NIMS, and the Problem with Command and Control. In The Collaborative Public Manager: New Ideas for the Twenty-First Century, ed. R. O’Leary and L. Bingham, 157–175. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

White, Ryan. (2013, Dec 23). High River announces Wallaceville undevelopment plans. CTV Calgary.

Wilhelmi, O.V. and Hayden, M.H. (2010, Mar 26). Connecting People and Place: a New Framework for Reducing Urban Vulnerability to Extreme Heat. Environmental Research Letters. Issue 5.

Young, Joseph. (2004, Apr 25). Lessons from Seattle: Resistance to Globalization, the Media and the State’s Response. Paper prepared for delivery at the Annual Conference of the Global Studies Association, Boston, MA, April 23-24, 2004.

2016 Fort McMurray Wildfire. (n.d.) In Wikipedia. Retrieved Sept. 5, 2020 from